Cognitive therapy is an active, structured form of psychotherapy that is designed to rapidly and effectively reduce and eliminate psychological symptoms. Cognitive is simply a fancy word that means thoughts. Cognitive behavior therapy, sometimes known as CBT is a form of psychological treatment that focuses on the thoughts and behaviors that accompany psychological distress.
Traditionally, CBT has been relatively brief treatment compared to other types of psychotherapy. CBT is focused on achieving defined and measurable treatment goals. Progress towards these goals is regularly assessed to insure that treatment is progressing in an efficient and effective manner.
There is a significant amount of scientific evidence demonstrating that CBT is effective in treating a wide variety of psychological difficulties including depression, anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety and shyness, and post traumatic stress disorder. The evidence suggests that CBT is not only effective in helping people get better but it also is also effective in minimizing relapse or helping people stay better.
"A man is but the product of his thoughts what he thinks, he becomes" - Mahatma Gandhi
There is some evidence that suggests that patients that develop new ways of thinking get better from psychological difficulties. When patients develop skills that enable them to identify, evaluate and change their thoughts they are likely to get better. In fact, there is proof, in the form of research studies, that suggests that when patients develop these new thinking skills that they tend to get better and stay better, or have a lower chance of relapse.